Step 1: How to solve the white edge pieces in the first layer
The easiest step is solving the first layer edges of the Rubik’s Cube. Choose one color you want to start with. In this beginner’s tutorial we’re going to start with the white face.
I suggest you try to solve the first face without reading these instructions, so you can feel the sense of accomplishment when you complete it all alone. This step is not so hard because you don’t have to take care of so many solved cubelets.
You can determine where a piece comes according to the colour of the center pieces which never swap places. Every edge must fit to the side center piece too. See the attached image.
The idea is to put the first edge to the right spot, oriented correctly, then the second piece so you don’t mess up the one you have already solved. When you solve the fourth you have to take care not to mess up the three solved pieces so it gets harder step by step.
Some example moves
Check out the algorithms below to see what moves you have to know. Press the play button to see the animations.
The most complicated case is when three edges are done and the last one is oriented wrong:
Another tricky situation is when the last white edge is on the front face but you can’t just simply move it to the top because it’s oriented wrong. In this case use the following permutation to flip the piece.
Similar to the previous cases, sometimes you find the last edge in the second layer oriented wrong.